PRESENTED BY Adobe Express
ark editor download
shacks for sale tasman peninsula

Venturi scrubber formula

Venturi scrubber calculator solving for estimated pressure drop given gas velocity and water to gas volume ratio ... Math Geometry Physics Force Fluid Mechanics Finance Loan Calculator. Venturi Scrubber Design Equations Formulas Calculator Air Filtration, Quality, Purification and Pollution Control. Solving for estimated pressure drop.
By is saying sweet dreams romantic  on 
VENTURI SCRUBBER PENETRATION. Using the Calvert Equation . Pt =exp {Q L V G r L D D / ( 55 Q G m G ... K P = C r p D p 2 V p / 9 m G D D. r p in gram/ cm 3. D p particle dia in cm. V p particle velocity in cm /s. m G poise. D D drop dia from N-T equation in cm . In the N-T equation s is the surface tension of water in dynes/ cm. D D = (58,600/V.

nokia 5 display problem

how to ask for blessing parents marriage

penicillin v potassium dosage

The particulate collection process begins with gases entering the Venturi system at the converging section. Concentrated scrubbing formula then enters through an inlet, and the particulates impact with the scrubbing liquid becoming trapped in droplets. The droplets are forced into the narrow throat section at a high velocity.
Pros & Cons

williams college ranking forbes

compassion in the bible

Venturi Flowmeter Calculator. A fluid passing through smoothly varying constrictions experience changes in velocity and pressure. These changes can be used to measure the flowrate of the fluid. To calculate the flowrate of a fluid passing through a venturi, enter the parameters below. (The default calculation involves air passing through a.
Pros & Cons

container shipping delays 2022

final year of medical school

In situations where waste gas contains both particulates and gases to be controlled, venturi scrubbers are sometimes used as a pretreatment device, removing PM to prevent clogging of a downstream device, such as a packed bed scrubber , which is designed to collect ... the liquid - to-gas ratio (gal/1000 acf or gpm/1000 acfm) and k the correlation.
Pros & Cons

ubreakifix pixel 4a screen replacement cost

ck3 clan guide

Air pollution control systems scrubbers wet dust. Establishing venturi scrubber throat length using an optimum velocity ratio (vde/vgt) of 0.5 and the assumptions stated, a generalized equation. Source: www.cheresources.com. Design and development of a packed bed scrubber for. 7010 ejector venturi gas scrubber and a fig.
Pros & Cons

utorrent download mac

hammond lumber belgrade

A laboratory-scale venturi scrubber was constructed with interchangeable throats and diffusers. Figure 1 is a schematic of the venturi which was patterned after the one used by At-kinson and Strauss.6 The scrubber was constructed of Plexi-glas. It was tested with ambient air and water. The venturi was operated with the flow vertically downward.
Pros & Cons

oahu thanksgiving dinner 2021

maro 5e

Enoch’s Industries Pvt. Ltd. established in 2007 is a prominent Venturi Scrubber manufacturer in Hyderabad, India. The industrial hub. ESAAR scrubbers efficiently remove particles and serve the industry in several ways. Our scrubbers are manufactured in good quality to meet up the IS standard 4894. Applications Of Venturi Scrubber.
Pros & Cons

fedex ground benefits phone number

4chan twitch board

A generalized method for predicting venturi scrubber performance by equation (4-4) was developed in this study. This method is similar to that used by Hollands and Goel (1975) to obtain pressure drop in venturi scrubber. Detailed deriva- tion of the generalized method will be presented in the next chapter. 60.
Pros & Cons

2012 tvb dramas

plug type e

VENTURI VACUUM GENERATORS WHAT THEY ARE AND HOW TO DESIGN THEM INTO YOUR SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Vacuum generators are not new. They have been in existence for decades and ... works and the final formula given is an exact way to calculate the time required to evacuate a given volume using a particular vacuum generator. If you are not too crazy.
Pros & Cons
working at post office reviews Tech top anesthesiology programs reddit easy butterfly

How High Energy Venturi Fume Scrubbers Work: In operation, the HE Venturi Scrubber uses the energy from a high velocity gas stream to atomize a liquid stream. The high atomization of the liquid and the extreme turbulence in the Venturi throat give this scrubber its exceptionally high ability to remove small micron or sub-micron dust particles. A flow of air through a Pitot tube Venturi meter, showing the columns connected in a manometer and partially filled with water. The meter is "read" as a differential pressure head in cm or inches of water. Video of a Venturi meter used in a lab experiment. Idealized flow in a Venturi tube. The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure.

April 20th, 2019 - Design superficial tower ∅ 2 000 mm Design liquid rate 100 gpm 1 3 Cross current flow Packed Scrubber from reference No 1 Air pollution engineering manual by John A Danielson 2nd edition Design exhaust capacity 20 000 cfm Exhaust gas temp 65 °C 150 °F Design liquid rate 300 gpm. Systems are custom sized and designed, design temperature and pressure will be accounted for.

The separating efficiency and pressure drop of the scrubber are comparable to high-quality cyclones or venturi scrubbers. The operation of the barcol scrubber is based on the close contact of the gas flow to be cleaned, with the scrubbing liquid. This is achieved by leading the high-speed gas flow through an arrangement of rods.

dogecoin wallstreetbets

The venturi scrubber is one of the most efficient gas cleaning devices to remove the contaminated particles from gaseous stream during severe accident in nuclear power plant. This study is focused on the dust particle removal efficiency of the venturi scrubber experimentally and theoretically. ... The material balance equation for co-flow.

arkansas parole violation laws des moines county iowa medical examiner

Description. When used in flow systems, cavitating venturis limit max flow of fluids regardless of downstream pressure. These are passive devices that operate in a non cavitating mode until their design (cavitating) point (inlet pressure and flow) is reached. Cavitation occurs when the absolute pressure of the fluid equals its vapor pressure.

  • Venturi scrubbers are used in a wide variety of industrial applications, power plants, chemical plants, pharmaceutical facilities, and more. Contact Venturi scrubber manufacturers to request a quote. ... The gas instead meets the concentrated scrubber formula inside the throat system. A gas with a low temperature and a high level of humidity is. A laboratory-scale venturi scrubber was constructed with interchangeable throats and diffusers. Figure 1 is a schematic of the venturi which was patterned after the one used by At-kinson and Strauss.6 The scrubber was constructed of Plexi-glas. It was tested with ambient air and water. The venturi was operated with the flow vertically downward. detailed design of each of the scrubber systems are also presented (e.g., materials of construction, solubility, heat of reaction, and operating temperature and equilibrium limits). An important aspect in the effective design of caustic scrubber systems is the accuracy of the equilibrium data (e.g., pK a2 value) for H.

  • Venturi scrubbers are the most efficient fine particle collection devices to be classed as wet scrubbers. They rely on the high kinetic energy generated by accelerating the gas through a restriction to give good inertial collection onto droplets distributed in the gas stream.

Scrubbers are used for gaseous and particulate control, by means of utilizing water, or other liquid, to remove pollutants from an exhaust stream. With Venturi scrubbers, the dirty gas entering a scrubber is forced at high velocity through a venturi where it collides with scrubbing water. The tiny water droplets capture particles through. Venturi Scrubber Optimization Revisted 67 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 DROPLET DIAMETER, pm FIGURE 3. ' Predicted volume swept clean per volume of liquid versus droplet diameter for abrupt (A) and gradual (G) scrubber geometries, at three throat velocities (10,61, and 345 msec-I). Scrubber geometry, however, did affect. Jet venturi scrubber utilizes a liquid motivated ejector design to entrain contaminated gases , generally without the need for a blower. The relatively high liquid - to-gas ratio , liquid atomization, and open internal design provide effective scrubbing of heavily contaminated gases with minimal maintenance and virtually unlimited turndown..

kid caught stealing

A rectangular section venturi scrubber has a double diamond, rectangular insert adjustably mounted therein with the parts proportioned to form diverging, restricted scrubbing throats of substantial length and of constant cross sectional area along their length. Water is introduced into the venturi for collecting dust in gases flowing through the scrubber.

  • ikev2 error 809

  • fatal dui accident

  • hira worksheet

  • all utilities paid houses for rent near birmingham

  • selma magazine

  • property management jobs orange county

  • huberman lab sponsors

  • walther wmp 22 magnum price

  • Valves Pressure Relief Valves Principle of Operation. Pressure Relief Valves are quick-opening, quick-closing valves used to protect equipment from gas pressure build up or pressure surges.

  • strike estate agents liverpool

  • jessica batten job linkedin

  • bethany lakes park fishing report

  • rollbacks for sale on craigslist in columbia south carolina

  • avengers fanfiction peter has heterochromia

a acceleration (m/s 2) C dust concentration (g/m 3) Cd drag coefficient (dimensionless) d diameter (m) E efficiency (dimensionless) g acceleration due to gravity (m/s 2) Q volumetric flow rate (m 3 /h) Re Reynolds number (dimensionless) t time of flight of droplet (s) v velocity (m/s) x length (m) Greek letters η.

polaris trail boss 4x4 for sale

Venturi Automobiles, an electric car manufacturer Motorsport Venturi Grand Prix, a team competing in the FIA Formula E World Championship For the team that competed as Venturi in the 1992 Formula One season, see Larrousse See also: Venturini Motorsports, an American stock car team Places. All Venturi scrubbers operate by creating a dispersion of tightly packed target droplets into which the contaminant particulate is impacted. The droplet dispersion may be created by a high differential velocity between the scrubbing liquid and the gas resulting in a droplet-forming shearing effect. Other designs use pump hydraulic pressure and. The second method of producing vacuum is by using a no-moving-part venturi, also known as vacuum generators and ejectors. As shown in Fig. 2, compressed air is allowed to flow through a nozzle which causes a venturi action. As the air expands and flows into the receiver tube, it creates a pressure lower than atmospheric pressure. B.5 WET SCRUBBERS FOR VOC CONTROL B-38 4/02 B.5 WET SCRUBBERS FOR GASEOUS CONTROL1,2,9,15 B.5.1 Background Wet scrubbers use a liquid to remove pollutants from an exhaust stream. In gaseous emission control applications, wet scrubbers remove pollutants by absorption. For this reason,.

wreck in arizona today

All Venturi scrubbers operate by creating a dispersion of tightly packed target droplets into which the contaminant particulate is impacted. The droplet dispersion may be created by a high differential velocity between the scrubbing liquid and the gas resulting in a droplet-forming shearing effect. Other designs use pump hydraulic pressure and. Ejector - Venturi Scrubbers utilize the energy of the scrubbing liquid to effectively entrain and remove noxious gases, particulates odors, fumes, and dusts from the gas. The particulates are removed through impaction of the solids by the high velocity spray liquid. Gaseous pollutants and odors are removed through absorption and/or chemical. .

screenshots of the merida and maca squarespace templates side by side
flash coin btc uvxy stock forecast 2022

between 0.5 and 5.0 micrometers in diameter.[4] A venturi scrubber employs a gradually converging and then diverging section, called the throat, to clean incoming gaseous streams. Liquid is either introduced to the venturi upstream of the throat or injected directly into the throat where it is atomized by the gaseous stream. Venturi scrubber, this is a scrubber mainly used also for dust elimination. Today this type of scrubber is less in use, because of presents of the bag house which is often already eliminating the dust in the flue gas. Centrifugal scrubber, this is also called a low maintenance scrubber. There is a turbulence created in the scrubber, which. scrubber. If the droplets accelerate to the gas throat velocity, then /3= 1 as assumed by Calvert (1968, 1970). Calvert (1977) later stated that P = 0.85 except at low liquid rates where pressure losses due to gas flow are significant. Hollands and Goel (1975) developed an analytical expression for P, also given later. The particulate collection process begins with gases entering the Venturi system at the converging section. Concentrated scrubbing formula then enters through an inlet, and the particulates impact with the scrubbing liquid becoming trapped in droplets. The droplets are forced into the narrow throat section at a high velocity. Venturi Scrubber Design Equates Formulas Calculator Air Filtration, Quality, Purification³ and Pollution Control ³. Design Equations for Scrubbers Venturi Chiorsources 2/32. Venturi Design Products AMP Suppliers Engineering360. CR4 - Yarn: the simulation ³ the cycle³ can.

lost episode creepypasta wiki

. Jet venturi scrubber utilizes a liquid motivated ejector design to entrain contaminated gases , generally without the need for a blower. The relatively high liquid - to-gas ratio , liquid atomization, and open internal design provide effective scrubbing of heavily contaminated gases with minimal maintenance and virtually unlimited turndown..

  • hmong restaurant minneapolis

  • 10. Typical Venturi Scrubber Design Parameters. Liquid to Gas Ratio (1030 gallons/1000 acf ) Gas Velocity at Throat (60 150 m/s) Gas Pressure Drop (< 80 inches H2O) Inlet Particle Size (>0.2 micrometers) Energy Consumption (4-12 Watts/cfm) Liquid-to-Gas Ratio. Higher L/G, higher L/G optimal at 710 gal/1000ft3. CEV452 Unit Operation Laboratory Laboratory Report (Sem.

  • .

  • zillow near arizona

  • clubs in oakland

  • Change Equation. Select to solve for a different unknown. estimated pressure drop. gas velocity. water to gas volume ratio. Where. P dropt. =. estimated pressure drop.

  • Venturi Scrubbers are designed to efficiently remove fumes, dust, solids, and aerosols. The scrubbing liquid, most commonly water, comes into contact with the particulate-laden gas stream in a highly turbulent, high-velocity venturi throat. As the droplets and particulate matter interact, they agglomerate in the diverging section of the Venturi.

The wet scrubbers discussed in this chapter use water to remove particulates, gases, or both from industrial gas streams or stacks. Water chemistry is often extremely complicated in these scrubber systems because of the variety of oper-ations occurring simultaneously in the scrubber environment. 1.

venturi scrubber design equations formulas calculator. venturi scrubber design xls scribd. effect of operational parameters in the droplet size of a. processing december. Engineering ToolBox Orifice Calculator Design Equations For Venturi Scrubbers Cheresources com May 14th, 2019 - Hope the readers of this blog entry have now some idea about.

lower back pain from work reddit
climbing scafell pike in november
keynote to figma
  • Squarespace version: 7.1

.

roku developer jobs

sundown subs
steroid coach
tiny home communities minnesota
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
how many actors have played michael corinthos on general hospital

round hay bales. CR Clean Air - Model FS71 - Jet Venturi Fume Scrubbers.The Jet Venturi Scrubber utilizes a liquid motivated ejector design to entrain contaminated gases, generally without the need for a blower.The relatively high liquid-to-gas ratio, liquid atomization, and open internal design provide effective scrubbing of heavily contaminated gases with. Venturi Scrubber. Venturi Scrubber (Glass) is a device which affords intimate mixing of liquid and gas thereby achieving purpose of scrubbing/absorption. The advantages of ATR systems is easy operation, no moving parts, less maintenance costs, ability to handle large gas flow rates , intimate mixing, compact, less space, installed on tank. Change Equation. Select to solve for a different unknown. estimated pressure drop. gas velocity. water to gas volume ratio. Where. P dropt. =. estimated pressure drop. Ejector Venturi Scrubber System. A typical six-inch size system is shown in Fig. 1. The system is comprised of an ejector venturi scrubber and a scrubber separator. The separator is attached to the discharge end of the venturi unit. The ejector venturi scrubber8 is a wet type of contactor, which utilizes the jet action of the contacting fluid.

Venturi Scrubber Optimization Revisted 67 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 DROPLET DIAMETER, pm FIGURE 3. ' Predicted volume swept clean per volume of liquid versus droplet diameter for abrupt (A) and gradual (G) scrubber geometries, at three throat velocities (10,61, and 345 msec-I). Scrubber geometry, however, did affect.

plaid settlement final hearing
oops lyrics tiktok
mitchell property
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
birks silver

Calculation of RMC's (Raw Material Cost Contribution) Crystallization Scale-Up - Zweittering Equation [Just Suspension Speed] Vent Sizing's for Reactor's & Storage vessel. Design of a decanter for Layer Separations [Decanter design for Pharma operations] Agitated Thin Film Dryer (ATFD) Working & Design Calculations. Typical Venturi Scrubber Design Parameters. Liquid to Gas Ratio (1030 gallons/1000 acf ) Gas Velocity at Throat (60 150 m/s) Gas Pressure Drop (< 80 inches H2O) Inlet Particle Size (>0.2 micrometers) Energy Consumption (4-12 Watts/cfm) Liquid-to-Gas Ratio. Higher L/G, higher L/G optimal at 710 gal/1000ft3. Full text. Venturi Scrubber Design Equations Formulas Calculator Air Filtration, Quality, Purification and Pollution Control Solving for estimated pressure drop. Inputs: gas velocity (v) m/sec water to gas volume ratio (L) liters/cu.m Conversions: gas velocity (v) = 0 = 0 centimeter/second water to gas volume ratio (L) = 0 = 0 liter/meter^3. Ejector Venturi Scrubber System. A typical six-inch size system is shown in Fig. 1. The system is comprised of an ejector venturi scrubber and a scrubber separator. The separator is attached to the discharge end of the venturi unit. The ejector venturi scrubber8 is a wet type of contactor, which utilizes the jet action of the contacting fluid. Venturi scrubber is suitable for submicron particles since it create turbulence and intense contact between gas and liquid. Working principle. A venturi is designed with sudden contraction and expansion to increase the difference in fluid velocity. The differential velocity and turbulence created in the venturi throat creates thorough mixing of. Includes both wet and dry scrubbers for emergency gas abatement, odor scrubbers , particulate scrubbers , and a complete line of systems for industrial installations. In addition to standard designs, custom designs to suit your application are available. ... These units are ejector venturi devices that entrain and pump air, gases, or process.

used jeep wrangler for sale by owner

father daughter celtic knot
lds missionary medley
girl feet cut off six flags video
  • Squarespace version: 7.0
linux partition guide

Jet venturi scrubber utilizes a liquid motivated ejector design to entrain contaminated gases , generally without the need for a blower. The relatively high liquid - to-gas ratio , liquid atomization, and open internal design provide effective scrubbing of heavily contaminated gases with minimal maintenance and virtually unlimited turndown.. The venturi scrubber is a highly efficient ing dgas cleanevice that uses liquid drop-lets to remove dust particles with diameters ranging between 0.1 and 300 µm and absorb gas -eous contaminants, such as SO. 2, I. 2, and CH. 3. I, from gaseous streams. A venturi scrubber has.

best 5ghz router reddit

average citations by field
toothless x human reader wattpad
oaks of arlington
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
da checklist city of sydney

Jet venturi scrubber utilizes a liquid motivated ejector design to entrain contaminated gases , generally without the need for a blower. The relatively high liquid - to-gas ratio , liquid atomization, and open internal design provide effective scrubbing of heavily contaminated gases with minimal maintenance and virtually unlimited turndown.. The Venturi Scrubber design uses the upper (called “Converging”) section to both speed the gas and humidify it. Recycled carrier liquid is introduced above the gas entry through open tangential pipes so that it spins down the convergent walls covering them completely. This design results in rapidly humidified gas when the high velocity zone. Ejector - Venturi Scrubbers utilize the energy of the scrubbing liquid to effectively entrain and remove noxious gases, particulates odors, fumes, and dusts from the gas. The particulates are removed through impaction of the solids by the high velocity spray liquid. Gaseous pollutants and odors are removed through absorption and/or chemical. The separating efficiency and pressure drop of the scrubber are comparable to high-quality cyclones or venturi scrubbers. The operation of the barcol scrubber is based on the close contact of the gas flow to be cleaned, with the scrubbing liquid. This is achieved by leading the high-speed gas flow through an arrangement of rods. . The retention efficiency of self-priming venturi scrubber is important for FCVS performance. The venturi scrubber is initially used to remove particulates from gas streams, but the large surface area of droplets make it effective as gas reactor (Hills, 1995). The gas absorption process in solution mainly consists of two mechanisms, which are.

white sands village kona map

section 8 coaching jobs
amazon echo dlna renderer
youngstown events this weekend
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
jewish city name generator

Enoch’s Industries Pvt. Ltd. established in 2007 is a prominent Venturi Scrubber manufacturer in Hyderabad, India. The industrial hub. ESAAR scrubbers efficiently remove particles and serve the industry in several ways. Our scrubbers are manufactured in good quality to meet up the IS standard 4894. Applications Of Venturi Scrubber. Venturi scrubber can be categorized by pressure drop: low-energy scrubbers (below and up to 2.42 kpa), medium-energy scrubbers (2.42 to 4.9 kPa). Venturi scrubber (figure 1) contains a cyclone separator 5, which is connected with the Venturi pipe 8 located perpendicular to the axis of the cyclone separator having a socket 9 to exit the purified. Ejector - Venturi Scrubbers utilize the energy of the scrubbing liquid to effectively entrain and remove noxious gases, particulates odors, fumes, and dusts from the gas. The particulates are removed through impaction of the solids by the high velocity spray liquid. Gaseous pollutants and odors are removed through absorption and/or chemical. Series 6500 Jet Ejector Venturi Scrubber Overview. The ideal scrubber selection for low to moderate gas volumes when gaseous and or particulate contaminant removal is required. The Series 6500 Jet Scrubber creates its own draft to eliminate the need for a fan in most cases realizing cost savings and system simplification.

msw response undefined

brooke county inmate search
praying drawing easy
zenvo headphones free
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
baisakhi festival

Typical Venturi Scrubber Design Parameters. Liquid to Gas Ratio (1030 gallons/1000 acf ) Gas Velocity at Throat (60 150 m/s) Gas Pressure Drop (< 80 inches H2O) Inlet Particle Size (>0.2 micrometers) Energy Consumption (4-12 Watts/cfm) Liquid-to-Gas Ratio. Higher L/G, higher L/G optimal at 710 gal/1000ft3.. "/>. Venturi scrubber calculator solving for estimated pressure drop given gas velocity and water to gas volume ratio ... AJ Design ☰ Math Geometry Physics Force Fluid Mechanics Finance Loan Calculator. Venturi Scrubber Design Equations Formulas Calculator Air Filtration, Quality, Purification and Pollution Control. Solving for estimated pressure. It is also known as fine particulates. PM10 stands for Particulate Matter sized between 2.5 microns and 10 microns in diameter. 1 micron is the same as 0.001 mm or can be written as 1 μm. The width of a human hair may average 70 μm. Therefore, the particulate pollution we are targeting is much smaller. venturi scrubber design xls venturiscrubber uploaded by sujayan2005 ventury scrubber paper' 'USE EXCEL FORMULAS FOR ORIFICE VENTURI METER AND IDEAL OCTOBER 11TH, 2018 - ORIFICE AND VENTURI METER CALCULATIONS WITH EXCEL SPREADSHEET FORMULAS EXCEL SPREADSHEET FORMULAS CAN BE CONVENIENTLY USED TO.

call credit spread robinhood

tusk movie ending explained
thinking of you flowers gif
sofitel noosa luxury escapes
  • Squarespace version: 7.1
securitize token price

A flow of air through a Pitot tube Venturi meter, showing the columns connected in a manometer and partially filled with water. The meter is "read" as a differential pressure head in cm or inches of water. Video of a Venturi meter used in a lab experiment. Idealized flow in a Venturi tube. The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure. Venturi scrubbers are the most efficient fine particle collection devices to be classed as wet scrubbers. They rely on the high kinetic energy generated by accelerating the gas through a restriction to give good inertial collection onto droplets distributed in the gas stream. Though most models employ a Tanasawa (1938) in spite of the fact that they did not work single, mean drop size, some models allow for the possi- with a Venturi as the equation they proposed has been bility of drop size distributions, e.g., Chongvisal (1979), applied widely to Venturi scrubbers, e.g., Calvert (1970), Placek and Peters (1981. .

bypass mdm macbook air. detroit tigers players; full bloom contestants; what to do with hyacinth bulbs in pots after flowering ibew hats; near death crossword clue 8 letters amd group olfa deluxe rotary cutter 60mm. realpage commercial cursed doll vs hit master; accs medicine.

spring carnival


court results hastings

insulating inground pool walls

600 hp scat pack
rugged radio comms switch

batfamily x younger reader
active directory pentesting course

nasa drawing
contessa 32 for sale europe

new london mn storm damage

hot pick for hair


recent drownings in florida 2022



white water rafting accident 2021

rockin rods in rochester

tall guys problems

kawasaki 17 hp engine
new build bungalows for sale in hampshire

old taweez book pdf

smrt membership

2022 polaris pro r problems

ip blacklist checker

husband definition bible

kill bill rap song lyrics

unsw finance

new holland tn75 hydraulic fluid change

rooftop open bar packages nyc
gives a single, simple equation for overall pressure drop in a venturi xmbber. Predictions made with this equa- tion, and with models from the literature, are compared with data for three venturi scrubbers operated at throat velocitier from 20 to 160 m/s at liquid-to-gas ratios from 0.2 to 2.3 x Predictions from the new equa-.